EMERGENCY ROOM

Staffed by our specialist Emergency Nurses, the ER serves as the first point of contact for urgent cases attending the Clinic. 

 

The nurses are able to assess, triage, and treat minor injuries , acute diseases, and exacerbation of chronic illnesses. Along with basic resuscitation equipment, the Clinic is equipped with airway management and support (suction, oxygen concentrators), haemorrage management, and point-of-care biochemistry testing (including Hb and blood glucose).

 

For those cases the nurses are not able to handle on site, referrals are made to the hospital about 35mins away via bajaj (the Ethiopian tuktuk) or government-provided ambulance services, if available (there are only three serving a population of 200,000).

INJURIES

2011-2012 EC

The Clinic saw 453 men, women, and children attending the ER for injury-related care. The most common presentation was workplace injuries (accounting for 45%) followed by burns (22%), household injuries (16%), animal attacks (11%), and miscellaneous (6%) Of these cases, 18 were admitted for 12 hours of observation, and 177 were referred following stabilisation.

Total treatment expenditure:

267,950 birr

DISEASES

2011-2012 EC

The Clinic treated 398 men, women, and children attending in the acute phase of a disease. The leading causes in adults were (laboratory confirmed) malaria (48%), followed by typhoid (28%), giardia(16%),  with the further 8% of patients presenting with meningitis, pneumonia/bronchitis, septic arthritis, typhus, and ENT conditions.  The most common presentation in children was pneumonia (64%) followed by diarrhoea and vomiting (26%).

Total treatment expenditure

143,780 birr

CHRONIC CASES

2011 - 2012 EC

The Clinic treated 174 men and women with chronic illnesses, attending for medication reviews or exacerbation. The most common reason for attendance was asthma (69%), followed by hypertension (11%), TB or HIV (9%), and miscellaneous (11%). 104 patients had treatment plans in place from previous admissions to hospitals, 60 patients had treatment plans implemented by the nurses, and 10 patients requested referals. 

Total treatment expenditure:

77,826 birr

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